Crypto-assets can be acquired through fundraising mechanisms by the crypto-projects themselves or purchased in the secondary market on exchanges. Crypto-assets are offered through different types of fundraising events such as:
INITIAL COIN OFFERINGS:
ICOs are basically crowd sales, the cryptocurrency version of crowdfunding. ICOs are commonly contrasted to Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) due to the commonality of wanting to raise funds through offering and issuing something.
SECURITY TOKEN OFFERINGS:
A security is an economic instrument representing an actual asset. Stocks, bonds, and managed property trusts are examples of securities. Traditionally, when a security is purchased the operation is done the old-fashioned way: on paper. A security token performs equally in functionality; the difference is that it confirms ownership through blockchain transactions. Security tokens offer a number of financial rights to investors such as equity, profit dividends, income shares, vote casting, and access to many others investment mechanisms38. At the heart of an STO are security tokens
INITIAL EXCHANGE OFFERINGS:
An Initial Exchange Offering, commonly referred to as an IEO, is a fundraising event that is administered by an exchange.
A cryptocurrency exchange, or a digital currency exchange (DCE), is a business that allows customers to trade cryptocurrencies or digital currencies for other assets, such as conventional fiat money or other digital currencies.
Non-Fungible tokens or NFTs for short are completely unique digital items that are issued on a blockchain. In many ways, they hold similar qualities to items in the real-world. Think about physical goods like limited-edition trainers, or the limited edition drops by clothing brand Supreme. These digital items are distinguishable from one another by a unique number.